New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a key port, New Orleans is regarded as an financial and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.
New Orleans is globe-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, special dialect, new orleans escorts and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, recognized for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most special” in the United States, owing in massive element to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was once the territorial capital of French Louisiana before getting traded to the United States in the Louisiana Obtain of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the largest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until after Globe War II. The city’s location and flat elevation have historically made it extremely vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have put in a complex program of levees and drainage pumps in an energy to safeguard the city.
New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding a lot more than 80% of the city, 1000’s of deaths, and so much displacement due to the fact of damaged communities and lost housing as to lead to a population decline of in excess of 50%. Considering that Katrina, key redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Concerns about gentrification, new residents acquiring house in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.