Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 people (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of much more than 1 million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is portion of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan location is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with around four.73 million people as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), much more than twice the size of Tucson and 1 of the largest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the unique settler’s crops remaining important components of the Phoenix economic system for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were known locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city right up until following Planet War II, when high-tech firms started to move into the valley and air conditioning created Phoenix’s sizzling summers much more bearable.
The city averaged a 4 % yearly population development charge over a forty–yr time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development charge slowed throughout the Wonderful Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.